Feb 6, 2014 Energy Talks
IHS Global Insight of Massachusetts under a contract from the American Petroleum Institute has rolled out its report about the consequences of a Federal takeover of the regulations from states overseeing the oil and gas well finishing process called “hydraulic fracturing.”
Before we start, hydraulic fracturing is packing water, some solvents, and strong sand and special chemicals into the rocks thousands of feet down so that oil and gas can flow back out. It’s a kind of miniature, slow motion cracking of the rocks much further out from the little well hole. One could also call it an explosion, but it takes hours, running into days to build up the pressure, to get some cracking and pack the sand into the fissures. It turns a little hole into solid rock into a hole in lots of little rocks.
It’s just critical to keep this technology in use and further development.
Hydraulic fracturing has a 50 year history beginning with quite simple pressure buildups to today’s highly sophisticated multi directional wells in rocks that only a half decade or so ago were considered hopeless repositories of petroleum. Today, using hydraulic fracturing a well or even a set of wells can release huge quantities of natural gas. This can easily be seen in the natural gas price at the home meter to fertilizer for food and investments in even more production. In the coming months more technology is coming and is being blended with technology that looks into the earth to guide where more effort should be applied.
All that, the potential and the world’s lowest prices of natural gas for Americans are at risk from a disaster of rearranging (and adding) regulations. The Federal proposal is so bad that the amazing situation of business preferring a single regulatory framework over 50 regulations from the states is not preferable. Yup, government can make a disaster from nothing at all, which isn’t amazing at all.
The matter is a fully Democrat sponsored attempt to place regulations of the Safe Drinking Water Act thousands of feet down below any source of water for human use. The bills, a House version and the Senate versions are very similar, which cautions one to realize this is a concerted attempt to subvert the existing framework of petroleum operations and regulations into a whole new field of bureaucratic interference.
Just to make things worse, the Feds propose not to unify regulations; they want to ADD a Federal layer. IHS Global Insight’s study, “Measuring the Economics and Energy Impacts of Proposals to Regulate Hydraulic Fracturing,” predicts the number of new U.S. wells drilled would plummet 20.5 percent in the first five-year period. That would potentially reduce natural gas production by about 10 percent from 2008 levels by 2014, a mere 5 years out.
Remember the last marginal buyer’s impact on prices? Carving off 10% of supply isn’t going to be cheap for heating homes, running business and industry or generating electricity. Someone is passing put stupidal capsules in D.C.
There are problems, to be sure. In the fight last month the Ground Water Protection Council released a study that finding regulation of oil and gas field activities, including hydraulic fracturing, is best accomplished at the state level where regional and local conditions are best understood and where state regulators are on hand to conduct inspections and oversee specific operations like well construction, testing and plugging.
The Ground Water study is an excellent piece to grasp what’s been going on and raises the issue about why the Feds are digging here for more power anyway. The history and background discussed go far to understand the process and that a few states are behind.
Is it serious? If you live over a leaking well it is, but those aren’t so common as many would have us believe. What is an issue is the control and enforcement of the law on the books. Some states do lack enough oversight. Arguments over who is to pay for control and cleanup is usually in the domain of lawyers consuming time and often more money than the clean up. Drives people nuts, understandably, but is more regulation and economic costs the answers to the problems?
Today in the U.S., where over 95 percent of wells are routinely treated using fracturing, the impact of eliminating hydraulic fracturing on production would be “permanent and severe,” the IHS report notes. The production slippage would be significant. Part of the new regulations is to restrict the types of materials used to fracture rock. You and I both know better than to think any Congressperson(s) can better decide what’s appropriate to use. But IHS has figured that the proposed regulations would impact gas production falling 4.4 trillion cubic feet or 22 percent, while oil production could slip 400,000 barrels per day or 8 percent. These are major numbers, tearing out more than the marginal buyers, driving prices to unpredictable new highs.
API President Jack Gerard said, “More than one million wells have been completed using this technology. Unnecessary regulation of this practice would only hurt the nation’s energy security and threaten our economy.” That’s public relations nicety comment.
In raw numbers the study found elimination of the use of hydraulic fracturing would be catastrophic to the development of American natural gas and oil, with a 79 percent drop in well completions, resulting in a 45 percent reduction in natural gas production and a 17 percent reduction in oil production by 2014. Those are real American jobs.
Everyone world wide would be affected. Today the U.S. is a very small importer of natural gas. The proposed bill would certainly change that forcing the U.S. into the world natural gas market in a big way. No one, other than some special interests, injured parties frustrated at state responsiveness and a raft of natural gas exporters stands to gain. And the last ones to benefit would be the injured Americans, anyway. Just imagine the resentment of the world at the U.S closing in even more production. This is a way past being a stupid proposal.
But in the end the IHS report is a model, but it’s formed up from real numbers from a solid historical database asking trends from the elimination of components. Not a particularly complex or difficult problem. “When 95% of current wells could not be drilled the impact would be” isn’t real hard to grasp. Debating over even double digit errors still leaves the economy in a huge disaster.
The geothermal folks better wake up on this too. Hydraulic fracturing is going to become important in the geothermal field soon.
So I have to ask myself, what are the side effects from stupidal capsules? Sleeping better, better vigor and health, ah, making more money? There’s a motive in there begging for a journalist’s investigation. It won’t happen, it’s too incredible to believe to start with, but it is a proposed bill. Yup, government can make a disaster from nothing at all. Just pass around some campaign money and stupidal capsules.
Here is the original: New Energy and Fuel
Feb 1, 2014 Home Improvement
We are urged to rebuild what damage we have done to the environment before it’s too late. We only have one planet we call Mother Earth anyway, so it’s not like the human race can evacuate and head out to Mars when Earth’s deterioration has become a hopeless case for humans and other living things to live in. That notion about the possibility of living existence in Mars is still a possibility. No conclusive findings yet. Until scientists have proven that it is indeed true, let’s not expect a bunch of us purchasing a property to build new homes in that side of the universe.
Caring for the environment as much as we can is a responsible act, one that carries much gravity considering the current state of our environment. Therefore, in our own ways, we must do our share to lighten the burden of the environment and eventually prevent further damage. Even beautiful things like home decors are hazardous to the environment and to our health too, such as paints and carpets. In opting for eco-friendly materials, we are all doing ourselves a favor.
If you’re planning to go vegetarian, do you suddenly eliminate meat from your life all in one day? Of course not, that’s heading straight to rebound. You do it slowly, excluding meat from your diet one small step at a time, allowing your body and mind to get used to the idea. It’s a new lifestyle, one that you are not used to. Same is true with going green. You just don’t do a complete overhaul and buy every eco-friendly item out there. You need information and the right mindset to stay disciplined. The easiest way to start is to use recycled and re-used products. Even if you don’t purchase, you can recycle and re-use your own stuff.
Use reuse or recycled products as much as possible and you are doing a simple yet effective way of protecting the environmentand your savings. These products are as eye candies as the conventional ones, sturdy and long lasting. Natural made products are the same. Not because an area rug is made of bamboo that it looks primitive or a rug made of wool looks like a sheep. A wide selection of natural products have aesthetic quality that will make your home look much better.
Carpets and rugs should be made from natural fibers, and it is now possible to find recycled fiber floor coverings too. Rugs are available in a particularly wide range of natural fibers, including wool, cotton, jute, hemp, bamboo, seagrass and silk. All of these now come in a wide range of styles and colors, so that you should be able to find rugs to suit the size and decor of any room in your home, and especially to suit your earth friendly theme. Remember that the backing material of your rugs or carpets should also be made of natural fibers.
Decorative items such as lamps, vases, throw pillows and other accents that are considered eco-friendly are also accessible.
Smaller items like home accessories are widely available in an eco-friendly variety. Many of them are made with natural materials. Another way is to go to thrift and yard sales and purchase used items. You’ll definitely find a good bargain. This is way better than going to a department store and buying a brand new lamp and vases for instance, which will lead then to the production of more to restock your purchase, resulting to more waste, chemicals and synthetic materials added to the already mountainous pile of mostly non-biodegradable waste.
Small things count and they make a big difference. A single purchase of a recycled area rug is a weight shifted towards the environment and not against it. The more people support eco-friendly products, the higher the demand thus, more production. It’s nice to think that sometime in the future before it’s too late for us, we will all be using environment-friendly products and living an environment-conscious lifestyle.
Jan 26, 2014 Home Improvement
If you know your home is in need of a redesign but you’re not sure of the look you’re trying to achieve, turn to interior design information for valuable assistance. With this information in hand, you can begin to visualize the look you are seeking and learn about new techniques and the latest trends in home design.
Through interior design, you can create a functional and pleasing space. This can be achieved through various design techniques to a room’s walls, windows, doors, lighting, furniture and furnishings. To get started with your design project, visit the Frugal Home Design website. It is one of the few online resources that has comprehensive interior design information. Among the design help tools are an email book, a step-by-step online tutorial, a design blog and top interior design books featuring a wealth of interior design information and tips. In addition, a free Frugal Home Design e-newsletter offers great interior design information every week.
Before beginning any interior design project, you have to get rid of the clutter in your house. The suggestions in interior design information publications are of no use if clutter takes center stage. The Frugal Home Design website offers great suggestions on ways to remove clutter from your home and become better organized.
Interior design information that gives easy to follow steps on de-cluttering the home before starting an interior design project can be found on the Frugal Home Design website. Among the suggestions are to minimize accumulation by proper organization. This can be done by deciding which items must be retained and which can be thrown out or given away. Then be sure to maintain this system on an ongoing basis.
Once you have gathered and read all your interior design information, you can put what you’ve learned into action by brainstorming ideas for each room, setting a budget and timeframe, creating a shopping list and starting the project. You should refer back to the interior design information for help with any problems that arise or for tips to keep the project on track.
Interior design information is great for keeping the creativity flowing. For each room, you can obtain ideas on what works best, which color scheme to use and how to design a room on a budget. Interior design information is also beneficial for learning how best to incorporate color, lighting and texture into a room. Placement of furniture and other furnishings is also important to a room’s design. Interior design information can give you tips on adding items in proportion with other things in a room for a balanced look. If you’re looking to involve the whole family in a design project, interior design information can also offer up some great suggestions.
Interior design information from design professionals is a click away at Frugal Home Design. The service provides thousands of room design ideas from professional home interior design decorators. Tips on choosing a room style, arranging furniture for maximum appeal and numerous inexpensive accessorizing ideas are all available. The professional service, which features a team of design experts available to consult on your home interior design needs, is available at a price that is far below the cost you would normally pay for a professional consultation.
With the wealth of interior design information available, designing your first home or redesigning the interior of your existing home becomes a fun and exciting project rather than a stressful chore. By combining your creativity with tips gathered from various interior design information publications, your home interior design project is sure to turn out to be a stunning success.
Jan 21, 2014 Home Improvement
Designer lamp shades are expensive. So what do you do if you like the designer look but don’t have the designer budget to match? Consider these four ways to get the designer look for less.
1. Use Your Mouse
Online stores have some great deals on lamp shades. Just take a little time to browse around a few sites and you’ll see what a huge selection of lamp shades you can order from the comfort of your own sofa at very reasonable prices. Compare different sites to get the very best deals.
Check out eBay too where lamp shade manufacturers and small lighting stores often sell goods at cheaper prices. Remember to add any shipping charges when thinking about your budget however. And check feedback to make sure the seller is reputable.
2. Look for Discounts and Sales
You’ll often find great sales locally where you can pick up lamp shades at bargain prices. Look out for various events at department stores in your town. If you find a lamp shade on sale check that it is undamaged as stains and tears will stand out as soon as you put on the light.
Don’t forget to look in your local discount store too. Although they generally specialize in selling plain shades at low prices, they sometimes branch out into something more exciting by offering a few shades and matching accessories in the latest colors.
3. Designer Trimming
A cheap plain shade can be made to look like something off the pages of an interior design magazine with the addition of some great trimming. Simply stitch or glue the trimming to the edges of the shade as appropriate. You can buy all kinds of trimming (and get some great inspiration) from the haberdashery department of large stores.
If you see a designer shade you love take a look at the trimming and see if you can find similar trimming locally. You can then get the same look for a fraction of the cost.
4. Time to Recycle
Lamp shades that are past their best can be given a new lease of life by covering them as long as the structure of the shade is sound. Select a fabric to go with your decor – you’ll have a lot more choice in fabric than you will find in ready made lamp shades. Add trimming to complete the designer look.
It may even be worth recovering a new plain lamp shade if you don’t have an old shade (though you can often pick them up in garage sales for a song.) Just get the right shape and size for the base when looking at lamp shades and you can choose the finished look yourself by completely recovering your shade.