Key Elements in Intelligent Buildings

The concept of an ‘Intelligent Building’ encompasses various automation systems for Building Control, Office, Communications, Security and Fire. An IB project generally covers three key elements.

  • Communications Network and Office Automation.
  • Building Management System.
  • Integrated Services Infrastructure.

Communications Network & Office Automation System

The System includes office administration, Property Management, and Business Intelligence Systems that reduce heavy workloads and human error to enhance efficiency, quality and the working environment as a whole. Voice, Data, Video and Multimedia Information Services, such as Video Conferencing, Email and Electronic Data Exchange, are provided via the building’s high-speed backbone network to the benefit of each
office.

Building Management System (BMS)

Building Management System provides automatic monitoring, interaction and management for electricity, ventilation, water supply, security and fire control to the building. BMS manages the following systems: Building
Automation System (BAS) Security Automation System (SAS) & Fire Automation System (FAS):

Building Automation System (BAS)

The Building Automation System centralises the remote monitoring and control of all building facilities – including electricity, lighting, plumbing, ventilation and air-conditioning, water supply and drainage and environmental control systems – at a single control center. Seamless monitoring of all these systems ensures a reliable working or living environment for tenants as well as optimised human resources allocation for the Property Manager.

Security Automation System (SAS)

Security Automation System is critical for providing a secure environment and protecting the safety of tenants. Elements include: Anti-theft Security and Alarm System , Electronic Control System, Access Control System, Closed-Circuit TV Surveillance System.

Fire Automation System (FAS)

The Fire Automation System is supported by independent network and cabling systems to ensure operation continues nonstop, even during an emergency. When linked to the building’s centralised control room, a second level of monitoring is provided; and in case of fire, various systems can interact directly to optimise all necessary building facilities.

ELV Integration

For many years, voice and data systems were cabled separately. Now it is standard practice to use a common platform for both of these systems. Like the Voice and Data Systems of the past, the traditional construction process separately installs each of the BMS disciplines under various divisions of a specification.

This means that multiple cabling systems and pathways are installed during the various stages of construction, which establishes one of the primary reasons for ELV Systems Integration i.e. (Integrated Cabling and pathways instead of individual systems). Also, the BMS vendors have now started to use Data Networking and LAN architectures which allow them to communicate over a Standard Ethernet LAN using the same TCP / IP protocol used by computers.

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